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What is an HVAC system?

HVAC systems keep you comfy through all seasons. But that’s not all. See what else they do and learn which system is best for your home.

What is an HVAC system?

In What Does HVAC Mean? we covered the ABCs of HVAC: heating, ventilation and air conditioning. If you’ve read it, you know HVAC systems are about more than just heating and cooling. They’re essential to air quality and total comfort. And they perform best when designed to work seamlessly with your home.

Most have these elements:

  1. A heating component (furnace) and a cooling component (air conditioner). A heat pump could also serve both purposes.
  2. A means of air distribution, like your home’s ductwork, which blows heated or cooled air into the rooms in your home.
  3. A control center, or a thermostat, which tells your system when to start and stop. This is where you set the temperature and program your preferences.

Types of HVAC systems available

HVAC systems fall under two main classifications: (1) central/split or (2) ductless. The kind you need depends on whether your home has central ductwork.

Central/Split HVAC Systems

If you have ducts and vents in your home, you have a forced-air system to control your airflow. This means your furnace and central AC can send warmed or cooled air into your home through a system of passages.

Heating and Air Conditioning Split System

The most popular setup, this system splits heating and cooling into two units — one inside the home and one outside. The AC or heat pump sits outside and the furnace inside.

Packaged Heating & Air Conditioning System

This system has just one unit with combined heating and cooling functions. It typically lives outside on your roof or next to your home.

Dual Fuel Systems 

Fueled by both electricity and natural gas, these are also called hybrid units. By pairing a heat pump (which handles both heating and cooling) and a furnace, this system can choose the most efficient method for temperature control.

Ductless HVAC Systems

If you don’t have ductwork (or a way to run ductwork to each room), a ductless system is your best solution. Even if you do have ductwork but have a room it doesn’t reach, ductless solutions offer a way to target that area.

Ductless Mini-Split System

This is the most popular ductless solution. Like other split systems, it has two units — one inside and one outside. You can design your system to support more areas of your home with extra mounted units (per room).

Ready to choose?

Ready to choose?

With all these options, HVAC decisions can be complicated. If you’re searching for a new system or need service for your current one, Baker Electric Home Energy is here to help.

Our certified technicians can repair any HVAC issue and service all makes and models. When building new systems, we customize the size and setup to fit your specific needs.

Our recommendations always focus on your comfort as well as maximizing efficiency to save you money. We’ll never rush you through a decision and we’ll make sure you understand the “how” and “why” of any system you buy.

Talk to our HVAC experts today

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